A Legend Lost Not Found
In 1977 Star Wars stunned the world, and changed cinema forever. It was a long, hard slog for creator George Lucas, who suffered physical ailments, and the possibility of financial ruin due to to all the challenges of the film. All the interviews of any of the visual effects creators, producers, and even the director himself re-assert that they had no idea that the film would be such a success. There is some evidence that this was probably not the case, as production offices and the young Industrial Light and Magic were burglarized, losing very expensive miniatures, and production artwork.
The perpetrators of this particular caper, which is part of Star Wars and Visual Effects history are still at large. Little information exists in the public domain about it, and it has been rife with rumor. This makes it a perfect subject for a small archeological dig — because most of you reading this probably never knew about it. Welcome to another chapter in VFXarchaeology.
What is VFXarchaeology?
Sometimes things get lost in history. In the mad rush forward to the current day, artifacts have fallen by the wayside that are either important, or interesting to the Visual Effects communities. These articles are part of digging up and re-discovering that history. Most articles are a fixed point, but occasionally update as new information arises. Lost history can be quite fluid at times.
Read on, curious reader!
The Stolen Plans
It was not common knowledge. Only four days after Star Wars’ general release — May 29, 1977— TIME magazine reported the following in the middle of a fawning review of the film:
The film opens in 50 theaters across the country, but advance screenings and word-of-mouth have already given it an outsized reputation among film buffs and science fiction addicts—two groups united usually only by their enthusiasm. The first week in April, indeed, 6,000 color transparencies from the film were stolen from the production offices; they are now selling for more than $5 each to sci-fi freaks. Some of the spaceship models used for special effects were later stolen from a workshop, and they too are being advertised on the open market. “Star Wars is the costume epic of the future,” says Ben Bova, editor of Analog, one of the leading science fiction magazines. “It’s a galactic Gone With the Wind. It’s perfect summer escapist fare.”
You read that right. 6,000 color transparencies, and spaceship models from the first Star Wars stolen before its release — supposedly being advertised for sale. It is likely that some of those were purchased over the last forty or so years by well meaning collectors. It would be easy to disguise the stolen items, as there are many artifacts floating around. That is a very rare thing these days, due to the massive collectibles community, which was far smaller for genre pictures in the mid 1970’s. FOX had very little interest in keeping any of the production artifacts from the film, as they deemed it a “B -picture,” leaving some of it to go home with the artists, landfills, and storage units — which were not well cared for. According to the Star Wars Timeline site:
Many of the props and models used in the recently finished film are stored in a storage unit owned by Dollar Moving and Storage in Southern California. Following post production, Fox no longer wanted to pay rent on the storage facility and decided to discard everything that had been stored for the film. Crew members were able to save a few random pieces including the original Death Star model and segments of the Death Star trench.
Most of the Death Star panels used for the final battle were thrown into the dumpster, and into the city landfill. Several decades later, Doug Smith, one of the original Visual Effects crew, was heard to exclaim “Anyone with knowledge of where that is buried, could be sitting on a fortune!” As an example, this rescued piece sold for $11,000!
In the George Lucas biography George Lucas: A Life, author Brian Jay Jones cites the incident as one of the main impetus for calling Industrial Light and Magic “Kerner Optical”
Lucas purchased a warehouse on Kerner Boulevard in San Rafael, formerly owned by Kerner Optical, less than six miles from his own home in San Anselmo — close enough for him to drop in unannounced at any time of day. Lucas also left the Kerner Optical signs on the door to throw off prying eyes and snooping fans; several models from Star Wars had been stolen from ILM warehouse in Los Angeles, and eager fans were already pawing through the trash behind the building, looking for discarded bits of TIE fighters.
The “Official Star Wars Blog,” as it is called, reports that the theft happened during Easter Weekend 1977:
During Easter weekend (April 9-10) in 1977, someone broke into publicist Charles Lippincott’s Star Wars Corp. office on the Universal Studios lot and allegedly stole hundreds of Star Wars transparencies and framed reproductions of Ralph McQuarrie’s concept artwork for the movie. On that same weekend, there was a break-in at Industrial Light & Magic’s Van Nuys studio where at least one model was stolen (reports vary on the actual number taken).
Unlike the recent Indy incident, the Star Wars merchandise was never fully-recovered, although some transparencies did turn up at a convention later that year. Like Indy, the FBI got involved, but no resolution was ever reported – giving this mystery a persistent allure among fans in-the-know.
What Don’t We Know?
There is a lot of speculation over which models were stolen, and over what time period. And really no report on the FBI involvement. It seems that the date of early April is the most agreed upon timeline at this point, but that it is not clearly documented. The RPF forum, which is a site dedicated to reconstructing accurate models that match those from films and television, is an example of that speculation. Here is the quote from RPF member Blue 5 as an illustration of that informed speculation, and frustration with the initial assumptions.
Interesting, I’ve never seen a date for that story. I’ve asked but no body has ever answered, what source (documents, person, article, book) does the rumor of the stolen model come from? I’ve seen it repeated on several threads, but I’ve never seen the original source for it. My pic of the chart on model construction ends on New Years Day, do we have more model construction charts for the next year? Do we have a date on when the shots of the table of models and proud modelmakers were taken? Since there are 4 documented known heros, and the Famous Spaceships article lists 5 hero models, my assumption has been that the 5th hero ship is the stolen model which would explain its lack of documentation. Is there anyone who argues the stolen ship might have been Red Leader hero or Red 5 hero, since those two are not seen in the archives today? It seems unlikely either was stolen, as Red 5 is in a picture for ESB and there is so much footage shot of both models in the film itself. It seems more likely the stolen hero just never went before any camera before walking off.
Nexus Models has curated these images of Jek Porkin’s ill-fated Red 6 pyro model.
One of the most well-informed (and connected) members of the forum known by the moniker “GKvfx” goes into further detail:
There was an X-wing model stolen from ILM during the production of ANH. It was always suspected to be an inside job, but it never showed up despite all sorts of pleas and threats from management. I had initially thought that it was Red 5, but was later told that it was just an X-wing. The reason it was a big deal at the time was that it was one of the MOCO miniatures (not a pyro), and they couldn’t be quickly replaced.
Fixing the Timeline — A CLUE!
While researching this article, I discovered a recently uploaded scan of a newspaper clipping – from the Valley News
Van Nuys, California , dated Tuesday 30 Aug 1977. The article provides a lot of missing detail as to the original theft than any other source has to this date.
This is the magazine that the article refers to. The dearth of Star Wars information and marketing goes on to support what little faith FOX had in the picture, underscoring the shock of the original theft.
Since publishing this initial article, further details have come to the forefront. Jason Eaton, another fantastic modeler, and purveyor of all things Star Wars shares this original memo from the ILM Production office for instructions on how to return the stolen models. The missing ships may have been taken off the shooting stage, which ended up destroying a shot in the middle of production.
“The slammer is cold and damp this time of year…”
Jason also clarifies which models are missing with this on Facebook:
It was Red 1 X and Gold Leader Y. Red 1 has never resurfaced, but Gold Leader has, in anonymous private hands … Red 1 and Gold Leader photos mysteriously stop [early 1977]. Never see them in any other LFL pics after that! Sadly making Red 1 very hard to find reference on. (Gold Leader was documented recently so we have those pics, amazingly)
No Answers Here — Only A Mystery
17 binders, one Y-Wing, and two X-wings stolen in February and March of 1977. What treasure is lost!
It seems early screenings of the film, despite the visual effects being nowhere near finished, may have inspired someone that a blockbuster hit was on their hands, which was about to “unseat the shark.” It is surprising how much of Star Wars history, especially when it comes to Visual Effects, is still shrouded in mystery. I guess everyone has their own reasons to keep secrets. At least most of them do not need to keep them from the Federal Bureau of Investigation.
I am certain that this violation of the production security, especially at Industrial Light and Magic — which was already in legendary hot water — furthered George Lucas’ painful memories of film directing, keeping him from the directors chair for decades afterward.
At this point in this archeological dig into Visual Effects history, the missing artifacts remain lost , but as soon as evidence of their whereabouts pops up … stay tuned right here.
*Hat tip JK
Bllue5 reporting in………..thanks for quoting me and pursuing this mystery and provide new information.
BTW, the top picture with all the models has the following ships present:
X-Wings: Red Leader pyro, Red Leader hero, Red 5 hero, Red 3 pyro, Red 4 pyro, Red 10 pyro, and Red 12 pyro
Y-Wings: Gold Leader hero, Gold 5 pyro, and Gold 3 pyro (seems to be having its way with Gold 5)
This obviously places the pic as sometime after New Years Day when the hero were completed, and before the first theft on 27 FEB ’77. Probably very early because the pyros are not all blown up yet.
There are several missing models one the table:
“Red Jammer” hero (the Y-Wing made first and never used) and Red 2 (originally painted Blue Leader) – both of these were sent to the UK to serve as reference for building the full scale ships in the hanger set, and were obviously not back yet.
Red 6 pyro and Gold 2 hero – weirdly missing and no explanation. Perhaps Red 6 was already blown up? The lone cockpit could lie Gold 2, but Gold 2 should have already been finished and not in pieces at this point?
The fifth hero X-Wing – according to the Famous Spaceships article there was another hero X-Wing, but there is only photo evidence of four heroes. Did this model exist or was it a miscommunication with the author? The article does say only three X-wing heroes have lights installed and the mechanics to open the wings, and it was assumed that Red 2 didn’t have lights installed after it returned but there is one shot in the film of it from behind that shows engine lights. So the article was definitely wrong about Red 2 hero. (The S-foil opening shot in the film is two shots of two X-wings composted together to make four opening, so at least two X-Wings had wing mechanics installed.). It was long assumed the stolen X-Wing hero was this fifth one, but the date of the second theft of March or April means this theory is DOA. Could the fifth hero X-Wing have been a second Red 5 for filming? There was an armature and Red 5 wings seen in footage behind the scenes of ESB that looks like it was dismantled, but if there were two then maybe one was stolen in MAR/APR and the other was dismantled which is why Red 5 hero is missing today? Or could the fifth hero just be a misunderstanding that Red 2 and Blue Leader were not separate ships, and it ended up getting counted twice as Blue Leader did not have lights, pilot, or wing mechanisms but did get lights and pilot after it was repainted Red 2? I can’t think of a third explanation.